Allapattah, one of Miami’s oldest neighborhoods, is located northwest of Downtown Miami, west of Wynwood, and approximately five miles from Miami International Airport. It is a working-class neighborhood with a mixture of residential, commercial, and industrial uses. The City of Miami Consolidated Plan 2014-2019 designated Allapattah as one of the Neighborhood Development Zones (NDZ), which are “distressed neighborhoods that are in most need of assistance.” (archive.miamigov.com/communitydevelopment/Docs/Maps/SP10Allapattah.pdf). According to ACS 2013-2017 5 -Year Estimates, the median income in 2017 was $22,914- a slight decrease from the median income in 2015, which was $22,995. The neighborhood is over 80% Hispanic, 8 in 10 households are low to middle-income.
The area has gone through many transitions regarding its population and prosperity. Until the 1950s, the neighborhood was primarily populated by non-Hispanic white individuals, but the construction of I-95 through Overtown led to the migration of black individuals to the area. It would later become home to an influx of Cuban immigrants following the Cuban Revolution in 1959 and then an influx of Dominicans in the 1980s and 1990s. Allapattah is now considered a melting pot of residents from the Caribbean and Latin America.
The settlement of the Dominican community in Miami, FL and its contribution to the area led the City of Miami in 2003 to name a portion of Allapattah “Little Santo Domingo” to pay homage to the settlement and contribution of the Dominican community in the City of Miami. Furthermore, the collaboration with local officials and community partners allowed for the City of Miami to name the neighborhood park and main thoroughfare after the Dominican hero Juan Pablo Duarte.
Allapattah has become the site of intense interest by real estate investors. A 2017 Urban Institute report, “Miami and the State of Low-and Middle-Income Housing”, claims it “may be on the precipice of tremendous change and gentrification.” Allapattah is a target for real estate speculation due to its proximity to Downtown, Edgewater, and Wynwood and its relatively high elevation above sea level.
Source: ACS 2013-2017 Five Year Estimates